Using legal and analytical instruments from international relations and political science, the project examines how certain regulatory solutions and the political forces underlying them have evolved over time. In addition, changes to national law through trade agreements and how these agreements may limit current and future public action on big data will be analysed. Finally, the draft asks whether and how trade agreements should address data and big data issues and how policymakers can use the instruments of international trade law to reflect changes in the digital economy and ensure that key public interests, such as the protection of privacy, are properly protected. Different types of data (service) providers are active in the data environment. We recommend that you take note at this important place when signing/designing a big data as a service contract….