In the related news, a member (in the full sense of the word) of the British government of all clowns: Brandon Lewis lied to the House of Commons and said that he and his fellow clowns intended to reject certain elements of the withdrawal agreement – in reference to another crook (Churchill), he said: „It`s going to be long, it`s going to be hard and there will be no withdrawal“ – some Tory women were excited. The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes. The withdrawal agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which time the UK will remain in the internal market, to ensure the smooth flow of trade until a long-term relationship is concluded. If no agreement is reached by then, the UK will leave the single market without a trade deal on 1 January 2021. The withdrawal agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on future relations between the EU and the UK. But could the UK denounce the withdrawal agreement in accordance with the provisions of the Vienna Convention on Treaty Law (VCLT)? The VCLT sets out limited circumstances in which a contract may be terminated if it does not contain relevant whistleblowing clauses and the parties cannot be brought into compliance. In these circumstances, some commentators have suggested that either the „substantial violation“ (Article 60) or the „fundamental change in circumstances“ (Article 62) of the provisions of the VCLT could allow the United Kingdom to unilaterally denounce or denounce it if the Irish backstop were to become permanent. But there are difficulties with these proposals. It would be extremely difficult to demonstrate a „substantial violation“ of „best efforts“; and it is essential that the continuation of the backstop is not a „fundamental change in circumstances“ within the meaning of the VCLT. It is set out in the protocol; these are potential negative effects and the protocol provides a mechanism to deal with such a situation. It added that any deviation from the withdrawal agreement, however weak, would „violate international law and undermine trust.“ If passed, the bill would be an „extremely serious violation“ of the withdrawal agreement and international law.
On the issue of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the „backstop“) which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal which will only come into force in the absence of effective alternative provisions before the expiry of the transition period.