If two or more parties reach an agreement without written documents, they will enter into an oral agreement (formally known as an oral contract). However, the authority of these oral agreements can be a bit of a grey area for those who do not know the law of contracts. In some companies or professions, agreements are often concluded on the basis of oral discussions and/or e-mail correspondence (or may be part of oral and sometimes written communications). For example, orders and purchase or sale instructions for stockbrokers. Just like the aunt in our imaginary scenario, you`re probably better off documenting a written agreement. Something as simple as a promised note, detailing the nephew`s promise to repay his aunt, could have avoided any quarrel over their agreement. Finally, it is less difficult to ask family members for a written loan than to bring them to justice. (1) All agreements should be written down in a properly developed contract. Oral agreements should be avoided at all costs. The parties, both reasonable, should freely approve the terms of the agreement, i.e. without influence, coercion, coercion or misreprescing of facts. The nephew and aunt accept the terms of the contract without putting pressure on each other and with the intention of fulfilling their obligations.
In addition to these four elements, a binding agreement must have a legitimate purpose and clear conditions. Therefore, the contract cannot provide money to someone who is doing something illegal or who has ambiguous or incomplete terms. If you rush into a business transaction or lend money to a friend in distress and you haven`t been reimbursed, you may have questions about the money owed without a contract. Just watch an episode of People`s Court or JudgeJudy and you will see that, yes, you can complain about an oral agreement. But you have to prove your case, which can be difficult. As mentioned above, it can be difficult to prove oral chords. As a result, the registration of the agreement could be used as evidence by the agreement. The agreement would be binding as long as all elements of contract formation are respected.
Of course, we recommend that you always get permission from the other party before recording a conversation. To win the case, the aunt must prove with evidence that her nephew lent the money with the intention of repaying it, while the nephew must prove that he did not accept. Without the documentation of the agreement, it will be a matter of er-she-said. In the end, it is a judge who decides which case is most likely of the party. Clients often think that oral agreements are not binding. However, as a general rule, the law considers oral agreements to be legally binding. Although there are some exceptions (for example. B transaction agreements between employers and employees or agreements for the sale and purchase of land), oral agreements may be applicable. 4. Before entering into the contract, always seek the assistance of a lawyer if you do not understand the terms of the contract.
All oral, written or unspoken contracts have certain elements considered valid.